Varieties of Parsnips


Exotic and one-of-a-kind as this root vegetable may seem, parsnips do not come in just one variety—they come in either white or creamy yellow color.  However, parsnips are really divided not according to color, but according to shape.  It has three main shapes:  bulbous, wedge and bayonet.

Bulbous Type

As its name suggests, bulbous types look like bulbs.  They are stocky and rounded on the shoulders.  Some of the bulbous types of parsnips include Avonresister and White Gem.

Avonresister is one of the recommended parsnip varieties because it has a very good resistance to Canker, a disease common among parsnips.  And because this variety doesn’t grow very big roots, it is also ideal for gardeners with limited space.

White Gem can range from bulbous to wedge and can virtually grow in any type of soil.  This variety can also resist Canker disease.  Mature White Gem variety has smooth skin with a fine flavor.

Wedge Type

Wedge type is longer than the bulbous and it has broad shoulders.  Some of the wedge types of parsnips include All American and Gladiator F1.

All American parsnip is characterized by a white, pale flesh with a small inner core.  It can grow to approximately one foot long and has a rich flavor.  This parsnip cultivar after being planted can be harvested after 120 days.

Gladiator F1 is a parsnip hybrid with large and well-shaped roots.  This variety is very productive and can give you a high yield – ideal for those who would like to have a high production.  Gladiator has a good flavor, high over-all plague tolerance and is perfect for winter storage.

Bayonet Type

Parsnips of the bayonet type are long and narrow.  They are also the most common among all three varieties.  Some of the varieties for this type of parsnip include Hollow Crown and Parsnip Arrow.

The Hollow Crown parsnip has white flesh, its skin tinted with a faint brown color.  The roots of this variety can grow a foot long and has a mild flavor.  It is ready for harvesting 105 days after planting.

Parsnip Arrow has a very small core compared to the other cultivars.  It has a tender texture and a very sweet flavor.  The roots of this variety are shaped like bayonets and are slender.  They can be grown outdoors or in deep containers.